This page describes the three types of IPv4 and IPv6 address ranges used on the Cambridge University Data Network (CUDN) for connecting the University, its Constituent Colleges and other affiliated organisations, including:
- public (globally-routable) addresses - ranges routed directly between the CUDN and the public internet
- CUDN-wide private addresses - which are routed around the CUDN, but NATed when exiting onto the public internet
- institution private addresses - ranges reserved for private use within an institution
- reserved private addresses - ranges which must not be used on the CUDN at the current time
If you have specific queries about this lis, or how it should be interpreted, please contact Network Support with your requirement. In particular, see the note below regarding IP address-based access control (e.g. for e-journals or other protected resources).
The following is a list of public (globally-routable) IP addresses used by the University and affiliated institutions on the CUDN when they make connections out onto the public internet:
|IPv4||126.96.36.199/16||"Inside"||Computer Laboratory (188.8.131.52/17)
IP Register (184.108.40.206/17)
|220.127.116.11/16||Department of Engineering|
|18.104.22.168/24||MRC - Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit (CBSU)*|
|22.214.171.124/23||MRC - Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit (CBSU)*|
* These ranges are used exclusively by Medical Research Council units but, as stated above, the MRC also uses some addresses in other ranges above.
Address blocks in the public ranges are allocated by the managing authority shown above. Hosts must be registered in the University IP Register database (or the appropriate institution) with hostnames ending in inst.cam.ac.uk.
The two IPv4 "outside" blocks are ones which are earmarked for use by connections which should be regarded as "outside" the University (such as web search spidering systems).
It is important to note that hosts using these addresses do not necessarily belong to, and/or are used by a member of, the University nor one of its Constituent Colleges. For example, note that the following users are all connected to the network and may use any of the addresses in the above blocks may be used by:
- Academic visitors - e.g. eduroam visitors, visiting staff on college or departmental connections
- Non-academic visitors, such as conference guests
- Temporary contractors
- Institutions who are associated with the University and have been provided with a connection to the University network, and on through Janet, but are not legally part of the University (such as MRC units, Theological institutions, affiliated organisations)
It is strongly recommended that IP addresses are NOT used as a method of access control to internal or external services. Unentitled visitors or associate users may be permitted and entitled users on different addresses may be denied access incorrectly.
Within the CUDN, private (RFC1918) IPv4 addresses are used to alleviate the shortage in availability of public (internet-routable) addresses. These addresses are known as CUDN-wide private addresses and have the following properties:
- Within the CUDN, these addresses are routed between institutions, just like public addresses, without needing translation and function equivalently to public addresses.
- When connections are made to hosts outside the CUDN, they are hidden behind some addresses in the CUDN public ranges by the Network Address Translation (NAT) service. To the internal host, they appear to have normal outbound connectivity to the internet, without the need for any special configuration, such as proxy servers.
- Direct inbound connections to hosts on these addresses is not possible because they do not have globally-reachable addresses of their own. As such, they are usually useful only for client-only hosts (such as end user computers) or servers which only need to be accessed from inside the CUDN.
The ranges currently in use are:
|Range||Comments / use|
|10.128.0.0/9||Changed status from Reserved in September 2015. Currently only used for the University Wireless Service.|
|172.16.0.0/13||Institutional allocations, including University Telephone Network|
|172.30.0.0/16||Management networks used by the CUDN, University Wireless, etc.|
Note the 172.x.x.x ranges amount to all of the RFC1918 block 172.16.0.0/12 except 172.31.0.0/16, or alternatively all addresses from 172.16.0.0 to 172.30.255.255 inclusive.
Address blocks in the CUDN-wide private ranges are allocated by IP Register; hosts must be registered in the IP Register database with hostnames ending in inst.private.cam.ac.uk.
Institutions using RFC1918 addresses should choose addresses from the institution-private ranges, rather than ones in the above list, to avoid clashes, resulting in difficulty reaching other hosts on the CUDN.
The CUDN does not currently make use of private (ULA - Unique Local Addresses; RFC4193) as it is felt that there is sufficient capacity in the public ranges for use by internal services. This policy may be changed in future, if the situation changes.
Some RFC1918 addresses are reserved for use internally by institutions - these are known as institution private addresses. These ranges will never be used by the CUDN and are safe to use for purely internal purposes. As they are not routed by the CUDN, they must be NATd before they leave the institutional network and exit onto it, if traffic from them is to be routed outside; to avoid double-NAT this should be to a public IP address.
Note that the 10.0.0.0/9 range only includes the lower half of the RFC1918 10.0.0.0/8 block: 10.128.0.0/9 is assigned as CUDN-wide private addresses.
Institutions are free to allocate and use addresses in this range without needing to notify IP Register. It is recommended that hosts in the institution private range are allocated hostnames in a local, private DNS with a domain ending private.inst.cam.ac.uk (note the transposition of 'private' and 'inst', compared with CUDN-wide private addresses).
There are currently no ranges specified by RFC1918 which are not allocated on the CUDN. Previously, 10.128.0.0/9 was reserved and was not used on the CUDN, but this was reassigned to CUDN-wide private in September 2015.
Last updated: 13 May 2016